24 Feb 2024

Theory Session and Workshop on DC Motors


The workshop’s objective was twofold: to impart comprehensive knowledge on Arduino’s interfacing capabilities with different electronic elements and to demystify the underlying principles of drone technology.

Theory Session: Basics of Drone Technology

  1. Mathematics and Physics Behind Drone Operation:
  • Exploring the foundational principles that allow drones to fly, including Newton’s laws of motion, Bernoulli’s principle, and gyroscopic stabilization.
  • Discussion about the mathematical models that support flight dynamics, stability, and control.
  1. Components of a Drone:
  • Detailed review of the main components that constitute a drone and their functions.
  • Battery Selection: Criteria for choosing the right battery based on the drone’s intended use, weight, and required flight duration.
  • Propellers: Insight into propeller design, pitch, and diameter, and their impact on the drone’s thrust and manoeuvrability.
  • Motors: Types of motors used in drones and how they affect the performance.
  • Electronic Speed Controllers (ESCs): Their role in motor control and how ESCs are calibrated and adjusted for optimal response.


Hands-On Activities

  • Participants had the opportunity to apply the discussed principles to build simple motor control circuits and program the Arduino to manipulate motor behaviour – a skill directly transferable to drone technology and robotics.


The workshop successfully bridged the gap between theoretical principles of drone technology and practical Arduino interfacing applications, proving to be an invaluable resource for the attendees, inspiring innovation and fostering practical understanding of these convergent technologies.